Research Projects

Ongoing Research Projects

Project Title: Sustainable food systems under climate change in South Asia.
Funding Agency: Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Germany.
Duration: July 2017- June 2019.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Saeed A. Asad
Project Summary:

The project “Sustainable Food Systems under Climate Change in South Asia” was initiated with prime aims to; (1) Identify and suggest solution options for sustainable food systems under consideration of climate change, demographic growth and changing life styles. (2) Investigate inefficiencies and climate change impacts on both food production and consumption aspects in the region to identify sustainable solutions and (3) To build the research capacities of the South Asian institutes and European partners and expand their research network. Financial support for the project was provided by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Germany. The project is being implemented by a consortium of academic and research organizations from Europe and South Asia. In this consortium, the Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD) at COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) is working as a hub for coordinating with South Asian partner institutes. Partner organizations from Europe include; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Germany and International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Austria whilst from South Asia; the Centre for Climate Research and Development (Dr. Saeed A. Asad) CUI, Pakistan, University of Dhaka (DU), Bangladesh, Agriculture and Forest University (AFU), Nepal, Royal Thimphu College (RTC), Bhutan and Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), India form the project consortium.

Project Title: Mitigation strategies for enhanced Soybean production under changing climate scenarios in the Pothwar and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Funding Agency: Agricultural Linkages Programme (ALP), Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) Islamabad, Pakistan.
Duration: July 2018- June 2021.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Saeed A. Asad
Co- Principal Investigator: Dr. Amir Raza, NIFA, Peshawar

Project Title: Public perception and valuation of climate-related risks and willingness-to-pay for Policy interventions in metropolitan cities of Punjab, Pakistan.
Funding agency: Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan.
Duration: June 2017- July 2018.
Principal Investigator : Dr. Muhammad Abid.
Co-Principal Investigator: Dr. Saeed A. Asad

Project Title: Elucidation of Larvicidal Effects of Metallic Nano-Particles against Vectors causing Malaria and Dengue Fever.
Funding Agency: Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.
Duration: July 2017-July 2019.
Principal Investigator :Dr. Toqeer Ahmed
Co-Principal Investigator: Dr. Javed Iqbal Akhter (PINSAT)
Project Summary:

Mosquitoes are one of the major human disease-causing vectors, especially in the tropical region. Globally, vector-borne diseases comprise of about 17% of all infectious diseases, with mortality rate of about 700,000 per year. Mosquitoes as vectors spread infections including malaria, dengue, yellow fever, zika, Japanese encephalitis and lymphatic filariasis in humans. In Pakistan, 260,100 and 2,500 cases of malaria and dengue, respectively, were reported during 2016. To combat health challenges associated with mosquito-borne diseases, the larvicidal activity of metallic nanoparticles, food-grade polymeric nano-capsules and insecticides was investigated against larvae of mosquitoes as an effective control approach. The metallic nanoparticles of copper oxide, cobalt titanium oxide, nickel titanium oxide and silver were synthesized and characterized. Food grade nanostructures of curcumin encapsulated in three additive layers were developed. These synthesized nanostructures along with commercially available nanoparticles of silver and zinc oxide, and commercially available deltamethrin, alphacypermethrin and sumilarv larvicides were used to evaluate larvicidal activity against larvae of mosquitoes found in Pakistan. The second phase of the project is in progress and further investigations are being carried out on the same aspect.

Project Title: Smart Water Metering and Pricing project: A Step towards Sustainable Management.
Funding Agency: Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC), Islamabad.
Duration: May 2018-Novemver 2019.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Toqeer Ahmed
Project Summary:

Water availability and quality are alarming issues throughout the world including Pakistan. Water scarcity, aging infrastructure, water demand and urbanization are major concerns. Due to increasing water scarcity issue and increase in demand water quality is deteriorating. Water availability is decreasing in response to water demand. There is need to manage the existing water resources and water pricing is often suggested as a promising mechanism to reduce water demands. It is one of the integrated water management approaches and novel idea for installation of water meters and implementation of water tariff for water conservation. It is novel in the sense that very little has been published regarding experiences in willingness to pay, metering and enforcement of water tariff. It is one of the approaches to convert non-revenue water into revenue water in urban areas. Considering review, it is important to propose the water metering and implementation of water tariff. Further detail about objectives, partners, outcomes etc. is available on

Project Title: Impacts of Climate Change on Waterborne Diseases.
Funding Agency: COMSATS University under COMSATS Research Grant Project.
Duration: July 2018-July 2019.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Toqeer Ahmed
Project Summary:

Climate variability has significant impacts on waterborne diseases and human health. The shift in seasons, change in rainfall pattern, heavy rainfall may increase the contamination of water supply and may increase the chances of waterborne diseases. Samples from water supply of Rawalpindi/Islamabad especially the filtration plants and tube wells, used for drinking and other purposes are being collected and analyzed according to the standard methods. Effect of temperature and precipitation on the waterborne bacteria growing in water supply of the study area are being assessed. Prevalence of waterborne diseases caused by the bacteria belonging to the family of Enterobacteriaceae etc. will be assessed in Rawalpindi/Islamabad region. Waterborne bacterial species will be isolated and identified according to the standard microbiological methods. Parallelly data is being correlated from allied hospitals/ household survey in the study areas. Results will be shared with relevant authorities to improve the existing water supply and to provide safe drinking water to the inhabitants of Rawalpindi/Islamabad region. Assessment of Impacts of climate variability and seasonal variation especially during monsoon and dry weather on waterborne bacteria is in progress.

Project Title: Satellite Enhanced Snowmelt Flood and Drought Predictions for the Kabul River Basin (KRB) with surface and groundwater modeling. A regional project in collaboration with CIIT Wah Cantt, Kabul Polytechnic University, Kabul, Afghanistan, USAID and Kazakhstan.
Co Researcher: Dr. Toqeer Ahmed.
Research Contributors: Ms. Rabbia Murtaza, Mr. Muhammad Zahir

Project Title:Improving assessment of Drought and its Impacts on Food and Water Resources in South Asia
Funding Agency: Asia Pacific Network for Global Change (APN)
Duration: August 2018- August 2020
Principal Investigator: Dr. Anjum Rasheed

Project Title:Cross-seasonal hindcast analysis of smog/haze in Lahore-Gujranwala-Faisalabad triangle: Lessons learnt from weather research and forecasting (WRF) model
Funding Agency: Higher Education Commission of Pakistan
Duration: Nine Months
Principal Investigator: Dr. Syed Aziz ur Rehman
Co-Principal Investigator: Prof. Dr. Athar Hussain
Project Summary:

Due to escalations in urbanization and industrial activities, the air quality of Pakistani cities is deteriorating day by day. Of particular interest is the Lahore-Gujranwala-Faisalabad triangle where winter smog and haze is being consistently observed since 2011. In order to combat air pollution, the primary causes, i.e., both natural (meteorological) and manmade (emissions from automobiles, road constructions, industries and biomass burning etc.) requires sound and scientific investigations. This ongoing research seeks to demonstrate the capabilities of weather research and forecasting model (WRF) thereby exploring the underlying meteorology of winter smog/haze in these cities; especially focusing on Lahore. Following are the key objectives of the project:

  1. To model the meteorological conditions in the study area during severe smog/haze days (20th October to 20th December) Vs non-smog/haze days (summer)in 2017.
  2. To investigate the contribution of anthropogenic emissions (air pollutants) in the formation of smog/haze by analyzing air quality data.

To conduct cross-seasonal comparison of weather and air quality parameters thereby exploring both natural and anthropogenic causes of smog/haze.

Project Title:Assessment of Carbon Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Brick Kiln Industry
Funding Agency: COMSATS Research Grant for Projects
Duration: Six months
Principal Investigator: Dr. Anjum Rasheed

Completed Projects

Project Title: The Vulnerability of Pakistan’s Water Sector to the Impacts of Climate Change: Identification of gaps and recommendations for action.
Funding Agency: Govt. of Italy and United Nation Development Program (UNDP).
Duration: July 2015 October 2017.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Saeed A. Asad, Dr. Toqeer Ahmad and Prof. Dr. Amir Haider Malik
Project Summary:

The research project responds to the Government of Pakistan’s acknowledged need to better understand the vulnerability of its water resources to the impacts of climate change. The primary focus of the project was the completion of a systematic review of current understanding of the potential changes in Pakistan’s hydrological regime due to climate change, identification of critical knowledge gaps, and prioritization of the means by which these gaps might be filled on an urgent basis. In completing this analysis, the project aimed to improve decision-making capacity within government ministries, research institutes, and the general public in relation to water resources management in a changing climate. More specifically, its objectives were to: (1) Develop a fuller picture of current knowledge regarding the exposure of Pakistan’s water resources to the impacts of climate change and the potential socio-economic ramifications of these impacts. (2) Identify priority research gaps and barriers to be overcome to fill these gaps. (3) Present options to enhance understanding of and capacity to respond to the vulnerability of Pakistan’s water resources to climate change through revised or new policies, research programs and other initiatives. (4) Increase comprehension by the people of Pakistan regarding how climate change could alter the future availability of water resources. The project was funded by the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation and jointly executed by the Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD), COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan and International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Canada.

The final project report has been published by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and can be accessed at; .

Project Title: Bacteriological Water Quality Assessment of Different Institutions of Abbottabad City in KPK Pakistan.
Funding Agency: Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.
Duration: August 2013-2015.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Toqeer Ahmed

Project Title: Physico-Chemical Quality Assessment of Wheat Flour Collected from Different Mills of KPK, Pakistan.
Funding Agency: COMSATS University under COMSATS Research Grant Project (CRGP).
Duration: January 2014- January 2015.
Principal Investigator : Dr. Toqeer Ahmed

Project Title: Pakistan Low Carbon Scenario Analysis.
Funding Agency: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN).
Project Duration: April 22, 2015 - October 31, 2016.
Principal Investigator : Dr. Khalid Riaz
Focal Person: Dr. Anjum Rasheed

Project Title: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)/Environmental Impact Assessment EIA)of European Union's Eight Rural Development Programmes in Pakistan.
Funding Agency: European Union.
Project Duration: January 01, 2017 - March 31, 2018.
Principal Investigator : Dr. Anjum Rasheed

Project Title: Synthesis and Modification of Different Adsorbent for Environmental Remediation.
Funding Agency: Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.
Project Duration: October 2015 to October 2016.
Principal Investigator : Dr. Safia Zahid

Project Title: Financial Planning for Energy Security in Pakistan: The Way Forward for Renewable Energy Funding Agency: Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.
Funding Agency: Higher Education Commission of Pakistan.
Project Duration: August 2015 – July 2016.
Principal Investigator : Dr. Seeme Mallick